Organized research at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff began in 1967 when the campus received $16,980 in formula funds from the United States Department of Agriculture through Cooperative State Research Service. Federal funding increase in 1972 allowed agricultural sciences research projects and areas to expand.
Congressional Public Laws (P.L.) 89-106 (1965), 97-98 Section 1443 (1977), and 95-113 Section 1445 (Evans-Allen, 1977) were foundation and lifeblood of historically black land-grant colleges and universities’ agricultural research programs. The laws provided funding for broadened research programs in agriculture and much needed funding to update the campuses’ research facilities. The latter of the 1977 laws provided for permanent government research funding which greatly assisted black land-grant campuses in attracting research faculty to campus, conducting high-quality research, and incorporating these campuses fully into the land-grant system.
Research in agriculture and economics, conducted at historically black land-grant institutions, generally fits into eight major categories:
- Animal Science
- Food and Nutrition
- International Development
- Natural Resources
- Plant and Soil Science
- Rural Development
Under P.L. 89-106, 40 research projects were awarded to university. These projects facilitated research in agronomy, agricultural marketing and economic development, poultry sciences, fisheries, rabbit production, entomology, horticulture, family living, with emphasis on aging and youth development, and housing. Research activities at UAPB have experienced steady growth with the research base broadening to cover all eight major categories.
The University has submitted 102 grant applications to federal and state agencies, 58 grants of these grant proposals were funded involving research in aquaculture, motion-sickness, cancer chemotherapy, and geophysics. Since 1967, UAPB has received more than $421 mission in research funding.